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Friday, 18 September 2020

UNIT IX: READ & LEARN

 

love.43.gif EXPAND YOUR VOCABULARY:

webmaster_fleches029d.gif biotechnology: the use of living things, especially cells and bacteria, in industrial processes.

 clone: a plant or animal which has the same genes as the original from which it was produced. Noun: cloning.

 inherit: to receive money, a house, etc. from someone after they have died.

 Flavr Savr (also known as CGN-89564-2; pronounced "flavor saver"), a genetically modified tomato, was the first commercially grown genetically engineered food to be granted a license for human consumption. It was produced by the Californian company Calgene, and submitted to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1992.[*]

 ripe: (of fruit or crops) completely developed and ready to be collected and eaten.

 significantly: importantly.

 rotting: going bad. rot: (cause to) decay.

 breed: (s.p. & p.p. bred) to keep animals for the purpose of producing young animals in a controlled way.

 prospects: the possibility of being successful, especially at work.

they work out: find the answer to sth; solve sth.

 outweigh: be greater or more important than something else.

 shelf life: the length of time that a product, especially food, can be kept in a shop before it becomes too old to be sold or used.

 bring forth: to cause sth to happen or be seen or known.

 livestock: horses, cattle, sheep and other useful animals kept or raised on a farm or ranch.

 mutation: a permanent change in an organism, or the changed organism itself.

 overgrowth: excessive growth.

 enhanced: better than before.

 DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid: the chemical, present at the centre of the cells of living things, that controls the structure and purpose of each cell and carries genetic information during reproduction.

 Drug: any natural or artificially made chemical that is used as a medicine.

 interferon: one of several proteins in the body that are produced by cells as a reaction to infection by a virus.

 cure: something that makes someone who is sick healthy again.

 faulty genes: genes that do not work correctly.

 potential: someone's or something's ability to develop, achieve, or succeed.

 gene pool: تجميعة الجينات: ressource génétique.

love.43.gif Further references: 


 BIOTECHNOLOGY and its APPLICATIONS


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