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vendredi 18 septembre 2020

UNIT VI: STUDY GRAMMAR

 love.43.gif Phrasal Verbs: verb+particle

                     
1adimd8.gifapply for: make a formal application or request: Last year he applied for a visa to England.
1adimd8.gifturn down: refuse, reject: How could you turn down such a fantastic job?
1adimd8.giffill in: to add information such as your name or address in the empty spaces on an official document: I spent over two hours filling in the application form.
1adimd8.giffind out:  to discover a fact or piece of information: We may never find out the truth about what happened.
1adimd8.gifpick up: to learn a new skill or start a habit without intending to: She picked up a few German phrases while staying in Berlin.
1adimd8.giflook forward to:  to feel happy and excited about something that is going to happen: I’m really looking forward to working with you.
1adimd8.gifhand out: distribute; to give things to different people in a group: Would you hand these papers out for me?
1adimd8.gifhand in: to give something to a person in authority: All essays must be handed in by Tuesday.
1adimd8.gifput up with: tolerate; to accept someone or something unpleasant in a patient way: I will not put up with your bad behaviour any longer!
1adimd8.gifwrite down: jot down; to write something on a piece of paper: As soon as I have an idea, I write it down.
1adimd8.giflong for: to want something very much: It was freezing outside, and Marcia longed for a hot drink.
1adimd8.gifeat out: to have a meal in a restaurant instead of at home: People are spending more on eating out.
1adimd8.gifdress up: to put on clothes that make you look like someone else, for fun: All children love dressing up.
1adimd8.giflook up: to try to find a particular piece of information by looking in a book or on a list, or by using a computer
I didn’t know what ‘loquacious’ meant and had to look it up in a dictionary. (loquacious: /ləʊˈkweɪʃəs/ tending to talk a lot or too much.)
1adimd8.gifdrop in/by/round: to make a short visit somewhere; visit casually: Why don’t you drop in for coffee some time?
1adimd8.gifrun into trouble/difficulty/problems etc: to start to have trouble/difficulty/problems etc: Our project ran into difficulties when we lost a sponsor.
1adimd8.giflook after: take care of: Who will look after the children?
1adimd8.gifcut down: to start doing less of something, especially because it is bad for your health: The doctor advised him to cut down his working hours.
cut down on: I’m trying to cut down on salt.
1adimd8.gifkeep up: to continue to know the newest information about something: There is so much happening in the world now that I find it hard to keep up. [=stay informed]. I find it hard to keep up on/with the news.
1adimd8.gifbring up: to look after a child until he or she becomes an adult: educate; rear: He was brought up by his grandmother.
1adimd8.gifback up:  to make a copy of information on your computer: You'd better back up these files!
1adimd8.gifback up: to give support to someone by telling other people that you agree with them: If I ask for more money will you back me up?
1adimd8.gifdo over: do something again especially because you didn’t do it well the first time: OK, we’ll do it over, but try to sing the right words this time.
1adimd8.giflook for: seek; search: I’m looking for Jim. Have you seen him?
1adimd8.gifcome across: find by chance;  to meet someone, or to find something by chance: I came across a word I’d never seen before.
1adimd8.gifset up: to start something such as a business,organization, or institution: The group plans to set up an import business.
1adimd8.gifset up: to create or establish (something) for a particular purpose: A foundation was set up for people with the disease.
1adimd8.gifcheck in: register at a hotel or airport: You must check in at least one hour before your flight. # check out: to leave a hotel or a private hospital after paying the bill: Joan had already checked out of the hotel.
1adimd8.gifpick up: collect; to lift things up and put them in the place where they are kept in order to make a place tidy: I’ve already asked them to pick their toys up.
1adimd8.giftake off (plane): leave the ground and start flying# land: The plane should take off on time.
1adimd8.gifcut down: reduce; to reduce an amount of something: How can you cut down the risk of cancer?
1adimd8.gifcarry on: continue; to continue doing something: If you carry on spending money like that, you’ll end up in debt.
1adimd8.giftake up: to start doing something regularly as a habit, job, or interest: Chris has taken up jogging.
1adimd8.gifbring about: to make something happen, especially to cause changes in a situation: Intolerance brings about dislike.
1adimd8.gifgo through:  to experience something difficult or unpleasant: We can’t really imagine what they’re going through.
1adimd8.gifput someone up: accommodate;  to let someone stay in your house: Could you put me up for the night when I come to London?
1adimd8.gifput off: postpone; delay: The meeting has been put off for a week.
love.43.gif Phrasal verbs: Ticket to English 1st year Bac:
 1adimd8.gif go on: keep on: carry on: continue: The teacher advised the student to go on with his hard work.
 1adimd8.gif break down: stop functioning: John's car is very old; it always breaks down.
1adimd8.gif give off: send; emit (smoke): Chimneys of factories poison the air when they give off toxic smoke.
1adimd8.gif figure out: finds a solution; understand: My friend is so intelligent that he figures out every riddle I give him.
1adimd8.gif  use up: use all of sth; exhaust: If we don't save water, we will use it up.
1adimd8.gif pick out: choose: When shopping for watermelon, I like to pick out the biggest.

1adimd8.gif make up: invent a story: My friend made up a good excuse so as to justify his absence.
1adimd8.gif put out: extinguish: Be sure to put out your campfire before you go to sleep. 
 1adimd8.gif rely on: depend on: Can we confidently rely on him to get the job done?

 1adimd8.gif do up: beautify; to repair or decorate a building so that it looks attractive: I'd like to buy a run-down house and do it up.
 1adimd8.gif break into: enter by force; to force your way into something: He’s had his apartment broken into twice.
 1adimd8.gif eat up: to use something so that little or nothing is left: Legal costs ate up most of her savings.
 1adimd8.gif put on: wear clothes; dress up: Put your shoes on.
 1adimd8.gif take off: undress: She took off her rings to do the washing-up, and now she can't find them.

1adimd8.gif give up: stop: The doctor advised him to give up smoking.
 1adimd8.gif give up: surrender: She gave up to the police in London last December.
love.43.gifTo practise infinitive or gerund, click on the link below:
Software for practising Gerund and Infinitive:

English Gerunds and Infinitives Trainer















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