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vendredi 18 septembre 2020

UNIT IX: READ & LEARN

 


love.43.gif EXPAND YOUR VOCABULARY:

webmaster_fleches029d.gifbiotechnology: the use of living things, especially cells and bacteria, in industrial processes.

clone: a plant or animal which has the same genes as the original from which it was produced. Noun: cloning.

inherit: to receive money, a house, etc. from someone after they have died.

Flavr Savr (also known as CGN-89564-2; pronounced "flavor saver"), a genetically modified tomato, was the first commercially grown genetically engineered food to be granted a license for human consumption. It was produced by the Californian company Calgene, and submitted to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1992.[*]

ripe: (of fruit or crops) completely developed and ready to be collected and eaten.

significantly: importantly.

rotting: going bad. rot: (cause to) decay.

breed: (s.p. & p.p. bred) to keep animals for the purpose of producing young animals in a controlled way.

prospects: the possibility of being successful, especially at work.

they work out: find the answer to sth; solve sth.

outweigh: be greater or more important than something else.

shelf life: the length of time that a product, especially food, can be kept in a shop before it becomes too old to be sold or used.

bring forth: to cause sth to happen or be seen or known.

livestock: horses, cattle, sheep and other useful animals kept or raised on a farm or ranch.

mutation: a permanent change in an organism, or the changed organism itself.


overgrowth: excessive growth.


enhanced: better than before.


DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid: the chemical, present at the centre of the cells of living things, that controls the structure and purpose of each cell and carries genetic information during reproduction.

Drug: any natural or artificially made chemical that is used as a medicine.


interferon:one of several proteins in the body that are produced by cells as a reaction to infection by a virus.


cure: something that makes someone who is sick healthy again.


faulty genes: genes that do not work correctly.


potential: someone's or something's ability to develop, achieve, or succeed.


gene pool: تجميعة الجينات: ressource génétique

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