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vendredi 18 septembre 2020

UNIT X: EXERCISES

 


love.43.gif Check your progress:

fleurs-gif-086.gif Rewrite the sentences as suggested in the example:

Bachir who does not speak English came back from England where he spent his holidays, this is what he says:

0035.gif If only I had learned English before.

0035.gif If I had learned English before, I would have communicated with English people.

yellowbl.gif An African scientist came back home for good but remained jobless.

yellowbl.gif A young employee abandoned his job and emigrated to Europe. He was surprised to find no work.

yellowbl.gifA university student didn't have a high grade to benefit from a scholarship abroad.

yellowbl.gif A jobless graduate didn't have any money to apply for a visa.

yellowbl.gif Marouane Chemmakh was injured and couldn't join the Moroccan football team in the last important match.
yellowbl.gif A young man was expelled from Italy because he immigrated illegallly.

fleurs-gif-086.gifCombine these sentences following the example. Use commas when necessary:

Example: 
Philip Emeagwali is an African scientist in USA. His family emigrated with him.
Philip Emeagwali, whose family emigrated with him, is an African scientist in USA. 

yellowbl.gif Philip gave a lecture. This lecture was about reversing brain drain to brain gain.

yellowbl.gif I met Dr Anas. He taught French at a university in Canada.

yellowbl.gif Driss Chraibi died in France in March 2007. His novels are written in French.

yellowbl.gif The organisation is non-profit. It campaigns against emigration of skilled labour.

fleurs-gif-086.gif Review your vocabulary from unit 9 & 10 and do this cross word puzzle:

https://crosswordlabs.com/view/ticket-to-english-2-check-your-progress-units-9-10

Keys

UNIT X: EXERCISES- KEYS

 



love.43.gif Check your progress:

fleurs-gif-086.gif Rewrite the sentences as suggested in the example:

Bachir who does not speak English came back from England where he spent his holidays, this is what he says:

0035.gif If only I had learned English before.

0035.gif If I had learned English before, I would have communicated with English people.

yellowbl.gif An African scientist came back home for good but remained jobless.
If he hadn't come back home for good, he wouldn't have reamained jobless.
If only he hadn't come back home for good.
He wishes he hadn't come back home for good.

yellowbl.gif A young employee abandoned his job and emigrated to Europe. He was surprised to find no work.
If the young employee hadn't abandoned his job and emigrated to Europe, he wouldn't have been surprised to find no work.
If only he hadn't abandoned his job and emigrated to Europe.

yellowbl.gifA university student didn't have a high grade to benefit from a scholarship abroad.
If s/he had had a high degree, s/he would have benefited from a scholarship abroad.
If only s/he had had a high degree.

yellowbl.gif A jobless graduate didn't have any money to apply for a visa.
If he had had money, he would have applied for a visa.
If only he had had money.

yellowbl.gif Marouane Chemmakh was injured and couldn't join the Moroccan football team in the last important match.
If Marouane Chemmakh hadn't been injured, he  could have joined the Moroccan football team in the last important match.
If only If Marouane Chemmakh hadn't been injured.

yellowbl.gif A young man was expelled from Italy because he immigrated illegallly.
If he hadn't immigrated illegallly, he wouldn't have been expelled from Italy.
If only he hadn't immigrated illegallly.

fleurs-gif-086.gifCombine these sentences following the example. Use commas when necessary:

Example: 

Philip Emeagwali is an African scientist in USA. His family emigrated with him.
Philip Emeagwali, whose family emigrated with him, is an African scientist in USA. 

yellowbl.gif Philip gave a lecture which  was about reversing brain drain to brain gain.

yellowbl.gif I met Dr Anas who taught French at a university in Canada.

yellowbl.gif Driss Chraibi, whose novels are written in French, died in France in March 2007. 

yellowbl.gif The organisation, which campaigns against emigration of skilled labour, is non-profit. 

fleurs-gif-086.gif Review your vocabulary from unit 9 & 10 and do this cross word puzzle:

https://crosswordlabs.com/view/ticket-to-english-2-check-your-progress-units-9-10


https://goo.gl/photos/y9gfmNh4eTP6X6jk8

UNIT X: PRACTISE WRITING

 


love.43.gif Brain Drain: For or Against?

Brain Drain: For or Against? 
Answer : 
1.This article is in disorder. Read it and answer the questions. 
A .To conclude, what would happen if we forbade brain drain and kept all those talents inside the country? Will they be able to grow and be as productive as they want to? Or will they join the rows of unemployed people and create more problems for our society? 

B. At the first glance, brain drain seems like a big loss. A considerable number of young people are leaving the country. It looks like the country is losing a lot of educated workforce. However, it seems a big advantage that talented minds are able to leave the country and pursue their dreams elsewhere. 

C. Another argument in favour of brain drain is that talented brains would like to ensure their own future and that of their families. What is wrong with the desire to look for a better living standard in another country? I mean, everyone likes to improve his/ her conditions. We, therefore, should not prevent anyone from the pursuit of this right. 

D. The first argument I would like to mention is that individual talents would get the chance to grow in a favourable environment. They would get more support and have more opportunities to flourish. This would help talents grow and not be wasted. Here is a simple example: a very clever friend of mine received a medal in the national Maths Olympics and graduated from university with the best marks. For a while he unsuccessfully tried to get a job. Finally, he decided to go abroad. Now he has a good job and lives happily in France. 
E. One further argument is that the experience that talented people gain abroad will be very useful if they decide at a later stage to go back and settle down in their own countries. In other words, the fact that highly educated people emigrate is not only good for themselves, but is also good for their countries, and may also be good for the world. 
Abide Omar, Niger

a. The author is ...............
b. There are...................... arguments.
2- the paragraphs of the article are in disorder. Put them in the right order by filling in this diagram with the appropriate letters ( A-E) 


Parts of the article
paragraphs
Introduction

Argument 1

Argument 2

Argument 3

Conclusion


3- Work with your partner to fill in this table with ideas from the article. Add your own arguments if possible:


Arguments for brain drain
Arguments against brain drain

     
    
                                                                         


    

4- Are you for or against brain drain?

UNIT X: STUDY GRAMMAR

 


love.43.gif The relative pronouns are:
fleurs-gif-086.gifRelative pronouns used in defining relative clauses:

Subject
Object
Possessive
For persons
who
that
whom/who
that
whose
For things
which
that
which
that
whose/of which

0035.gif Defining relative clauses: persons

webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Subject: who or that
who is normally used:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThe man who robbed you has been arrested.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThe girls who serve in the shop are the owner's daughters.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifOnly those who had booked in advance were allowed in.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifWould anyone who saw the accident please get in touch with the police?
webmaster_fleches029d.gif
But that is a possible alternative after alleveryoneeverybodynoonenobody and those:

webmaster_fleches029d.gifEveryone who/that knew him liked him.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifNobody who/that watched the match will ever forget it.

webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Object of a verb: whomwhothat
The object form is whom, but this is considered very formal. In spoken English we normally use who or that (that being more usual than who), and it is still more common to omit the object pronoun altogether:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThe man (whom/who/that) I saw told me to come back today.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThe girls (whom/who/that) he employs are always complaining about their pay.

webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif With a preposition: whom/that
In formal English the preposition is placed before the relative pronoun, which must then be put into the form whom:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThe man to whom I spoke is my cousin. 
In informal speech, however, it is more usual to move the preposition to the end of the clause. whom is often replaced by that, but it is still more common to omit the relative altogether.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThe man who/whom I spoke to is my cousin. or The man (that) I spoke to is my cousin.
Similarly:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThe man from whom I bought it told me to oil it. or The man (who/that) I bought it from told me to oil it.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThe friend with whom I was travelling spoke Spanish. or The friend (who/that) I was travelling with spoke Spanish.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Possessive:
whose is the only possible form:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifPeople whose rents have been raised can appeal.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThe film is about a spy whose wife betrays him.
0035.gif Defining relative clauses: things
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Subject:
Either which or thatwhich is the more formal:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThis is the picture which/that caused such a sensation.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThe stairs which/that lead to the cellar are rather slippery.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Object of a verb: which or that, or no relative at all:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThe car (which/that) I hired broke down.
which is hardly ever used after alleverythinglittlemuchnoneno and compounds of no, or after superlatives. Instead we use that, or omit the relative altogether, if it is the object of a verb:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifAll the apples that fall are eaten by the donkey.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThis is the best hotel (that) I know.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Object of a preposition:
 The formal construction is preposition+which, but it is more usual to move the preposition to the end of the clause, using which or that or omitting the relative altogether:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThe ladder on which I was standing began to  slip. or The ladder (which/that) I was standing on began to  slip.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Possessive:
whose+ a clause is possible but with+ a phrase is more usual:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifHe lived in a house whose walls were made of glass.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifHe lived in a house with glass walls .
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Relative adverbs: whenwherewhy
Note that when can replace in/on which (used of time):
webmaster_fleches029d.gifthe year when (=in which) he was born.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifthe day when (=on which) they arrived.
where can replace in/at which (used of place):
the hotel where (=in/at which) they were staying.
why can replace for which: The reason why he refused is...
whenwhere and why used in this way are called relative adverbs.
0035.gif Non-defining relative clauses: persons
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Subject: who 
No other pronoun is possible. Note the commas:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifMy neighbour, who is very pessimistic, says there will be no apples this year.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifPeter, who had been driving all day, suggested stopping at the next town.
Clauses such as these are found mainly in written English.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Object: whomwho
The pronoun cannot be omitted. whom is the correct form, though who is sometimes used in conversation:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifPeter, whom everyone suspected, turned out to be innocent.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Object of a preposition: whom
The pronoun cannot be omitted. The preposition is normally placed before whom:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifMr Jones, for whom I was working, was very generous about overtime payments.
It is however possible to move the preposition to the end of the clause. This is commonly done in converstion, and who then usually takes the place of whom:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifMr Jones, whom I was working for, was very generous about overtime payments.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Possessive: whose
webmaster_fleches029d.gifAnn, whose children are at school all day, is trying to get a job.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThis is George, whose class you will be taking.
0035.gif Non-defining relative clauses: things
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Subject: which
that is not used here:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThat block, which cost £5 million to build, has been empty for years.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThe 8.15 train, which is usually very punctual, was late today.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Object of a preposition:
The preposition comes before which, or (more formally) at the end of the clause:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifAshdown Forest, through which we'll be driving, isn't a forest any longer.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifAshdown Forest, which we'll be driving through, isn't a forest any longer.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifHis house, for which he paid £10,000, is now worth £50,000.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifHis house, which he paid £10,000 for, is now worth £50,000.
which with phrasal verbs such as look afterlook forward toput up with... should be treated as a unit, i.e. the preposition/adverb should not be separated from the verb:
This machine, which I have looked after for twenty years, is still working perfectly.
Your inefficiency , which we have put up with far too long, is beginning to annoy our customers.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Possessive: whose or of which
whose is generally used both for animals and things. of which is possible for things, but unusual except in very formal English:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifHis house, whose windows were all broken, was a depressing sight.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThe car, whose handbrake wasn't very reliable, began to slide backwards.