UNIT II: LISTENING

Posted on 11:35


 


Listening Script:

Audio 1: J. Cook 


The education system. When I was young, we were brought up to have respect for others and self-discipline. All the problems that our society faces stem from the fact that our young people have no direction in life.
I've seen it so often during my life- drugs, crime and joyriding. The education system has to offer them an alternative. Otherwise, things are just going to get worse and worse.


Audio 2: A. Baker


I think a major reason for people's unhappiness is television. It gives them an unreal sense of what life should be about. No wonder people feel so dissatisfied with their lives. In my day, it was all about hard work and making your way in the world. Nowadays, all people seem to want is instant satisfaction. They'd be much happier if they just switched the thing off.

Audio 3: J. Kennedy


We're doing so much harm to the environment and most people don't even notice it. You can talk about drugs and crime and all you want, but if this generation doesn't start to do something now, there won't be anything for our children to worry about- because there will be nothing left. Everyone has to do their own little bit. I bet if we all worked together to save the planet, people would forget the differences between us.

Audio 4: P. Stasiar


Intolerance. It's amazing to me how in this day and age, people can still believe some of the things they do. When I think about all that happened in the 20th century, I can't believe that the 21st is going to be the exact same. It may not be different races any more, but people will always find someone to blame. Maybe in time, people will change- but I'm not holding my breath.

Audio 5: N. Farhate


I think poverty is the cause of most of our social problems. If you look around, you see poor people everywhere. Some of our children live in the streets; they're subjects to bad habits and commit crimes. Some people still live in bad conditions without water or electricity. More and more social problems are found in poor areas and districts. Help the poor and our society will develop for the best.

 


Vocabulary:



 bring up: to care for a child until it is an adult.


  Examples: 



An aunt brought him up


 He was brought up on jazz (= experienced it a lot as a child). 



 stem from to develop or come from something.



 Examples: 




These practices stem from traditional Chinese medicine.


 All the problems that our society faces stem from the fact that our young people have no direction in life.


 alternativesomething that is different, esp. from what is usual; a choice.



 Examples: 



I have no alternative but to ask you to leave.


 People stay because they don’t have alternative opportunities.


 blame to say or think that someone or something did something wrong or is responsible for something bad happening.


 Examples: 



Don't blame me (= it is not my fault) if you miss the bus!


 Hugh blames his mother for his lack of confidence.


Hugh blames his lack of confidence on his mother.


 hold your breath to wait for something to happen, often feeling anxious.




 Examples: 

Fans held their breath waiting for the final whistle.


 We held our breaths, quite correctly in the circumstances, and were passed fit to continue with our journey.

 be subject to something likely to experience or suffer from something.



 Examples: 

The bay is subject to heavy fog in summer.


 If the plants are growing well, they'll be less subject to pests.


 district an area of a country or town that has fixed borders that are used for official purposes, or that has a particular feature that makes it different from surrounding areas.


 Examples: 

Villaverde is one of the high-rise districts that encircle Madrid.


 The capital of the USA is Washington DC= District of Columbia.


UNIT II: VOCABULARY

Posted on 09:11

 Vocabulary:

 hospitality: the act of being friendly and welcoming to guests and visitors.

 Examples:

 The local people showed me great hospitality.

 Thank you for your hospitality.


 adolescence: the period of time in a person's life when they are developinginto an adult.

 Examples:


 She had a troubled adolescence.

yet another novel about the joys and sorrows of adolescence.

 to socialize: to spend time when you are not working with friends or with other people in order to enjoy yourself.

 Examples:

I tend not to socialize with my colleagues.

 They're content to socialize with a very small circle of people.

 homeless: without home.

 Examples:

 Accommodation needs to be found for thousands of homeless families.

 The family were left homeless.

 autonomy: independence.

 Examples:

 The universities want to preserve their autonomy from central government.

 Demonstrators demanded immediate autonomy for their region.

 generation gap: a situation in which older and younger people do not understand each other because of their different experiences, opinions, habits, and behaviour.

 Examples:

 She's a young politician who manages to bridge/cross (= understand both groups in) the generation gap.

 Most of the problems between parents and children are due to the generation gap between them. 

 divorce: an official or legal process to end a marriage. 

 Examples:

 One common cause of homelessness is separation or divorce.

 Ellie wants a divorce.

 jobless: unemployed.

 Examples:

 He's been jobless for the past six months.

 Welfare reforms are exploring new initiatives for those who have been jobless for a year or more.

 joyriding: driving fast and dangerously for pleasure, especially in a stolen vehicle.

 Examples:

 Joyriding has become more popular, especially among adolescents.

 Adolescents who love joyriding are subject to many dangerous accidents.

 tolerancewillingness to accept behaviour and beliefs that are different from your own, although you might not agree with or approve of them.

 Examples:

 The two peoples lived together in mutual tolerance.

 This period in history is not noted for its religious tolerance.

 to complain:  to say that something is wrong or not satisfactory.

 Examples:

 Lots of people have complained about the noise.

 If the service was so bad why didn't you complain to the manager?

  childhood: the state or time of being a child. (-hood is a suffix. -hood= the state or time of being).

 Examples:

 She had an unhappy childhood.

 Childhood is not always a happy time.


 shelter(a building designed to give) protection from bad weather, danger, or attack.

 Examples:

 The trees gave/provided some shelter from the rain.

 The wall gave us some shelter from the wind.

 handicapped: people who cannot use part of their body or mind because it has been damaged or does not work normally. (synonym: disabled)

 Examples:

 What's the best way of improving theatre access for people who are physically handicapped?

 It is  a shared responsibility to take care of the handicapped; these are disabled people who find it difficult to do ordinary daily tasks.



I have no special talent. I am only passionately curious. (Albert Einstein)

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Once you stop learning, you start dying. (Albert Einstein)

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