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mardi 8 septembre 2020

UNIT II: FUNCTIONS

 

love.43.gifHow to express lack of understanding:

When you fail to understand what has been said to you you can use these expressions:
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifI beg your pardon?
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifI beg your pardon, but I don't quite understand.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifI'm not quite sure I know what you mean.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifI'm not quite sure I follow you.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifI don't quite see what you mean.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifI'm not sure I got your point.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifSorry, I didn't quite hear what you said.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifSorry, I didn't get your point/idea.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifI don't quite see what you're getting at.

love.43.gifHow yo ask for clarification:

When you don't understand what someone has said, you can ask for clarification using the following expressions:
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifWhat do you mean by...?
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifDo you mean...?
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifCould you say that again, please?
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifCould you repeat please?
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifCould you clarify that, please?
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifWould you elaborate on that , please?
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifCould you be more explicit?
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifCould you explain what you mean by...?
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifCould you give us an example?
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifI wonder if you could say that in a different way.
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifCould you put it differently, please?
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifCould you be more specific, please?

love.43.gifClarifying one's point or idea:

To clarify your idea you can use the following expressions:
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifLet me explain that...
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifLet me explain that in more detail...
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifLet me put it in another way...
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifSorry let me explain...
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifIn other words...
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifTo say this differently...
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifTo put it differently…
webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifWhat I wanted to say is that….

Samir is a Moroccan university student in an American University. He is now talking to the foreign students councellor, Mr. Taylor.
Read the conversation and answer the following question.

Question: Did Mr. Taylor know that burping in Morocco is not considered offensive? How do you know?
Dialogue:

Samir: Good morning, Mr. Taylor!
Mr.Taylor: Good morning. Please have a seat. Can I help you?
Samir: Yes, Mr.Taylor. I’d like talk to you about an embarrassing experience I had this weekend.
Mr. Taylor: An embarrassing experience? What do you mean?
Samir: Well, I was invited by a friend of mine for dinner. His family was really nice and hospitable. But then something happened which made them stare at me.
Mr. Taylor: stare at you? I don’t quite follow you. Could you be more explicit?
Samir: Well, actually, they didn’t seem to like my burping.
Mr.Taylor: Oh my dear, do you mean you burped during the meal? That’s culturally inappropriate.
Samir: What do you mean by culturally inappropriate?
Mr.Taylor: Well, what I’m trying to say is that what you did is not acceptable in our society. It’s even- sorry to say the word – disgusting.
Samir: Oh dear! But I was taught in my family to thank God whenever I burp.
Mr. Taylor: Really? In that case, all you’ve got to do is explain the matter to your friend.
Samir: Thanks, Mr.Taylor
Mr.Taylor: You’re welcome

Reference: Gateway to English 2 Student’s Book P.27.

love.43.gifRequests:

"Can I use your computer, please?"
"Could I borrow some money from you, please?"
"Do you mind if I turn up the heating?"
"Would you mind if I turned up the heating?"
Speaking tip: Could is more polite that can.
Do you mind if…" is followed by the verb in the present tense, but would you mind if… is followed by the verb in the past tense.
When you're using these two sentences, don't use please. It's already polite enough!

love.43.gifOffering to do something for another person:

You can make an offer using a phrase like Can I… ?, Shall I… ?, Would you like me to… ?
For example:
"Can I help you?"
"Shall I open the window for you?"
"Would you like another coffee?"
"Would you like me to answer the phone?"
"I'll do the photocopying, if you like."
Shall, can and will are followed by the verb without to.
Shall is particularly British English and is more formal than can. Would you like… is followed either by a noun, or by an object pronoun and the verb with to.

love.43.gifResponding to offers:

These English dialogues show you ways to accept or reject (=refuse/turn down) offers made to you.
"Can I help you?"
"Yes please. I'd like to know what time the train leaves."
"Can I help you?"
"No thanks, I'm just looking." (In a shop.)
"Shall I open the window for you?"
"Yes please. That would be very kind of you."
"Would you like another coffee?"
"No thanks." Or, "No thank you."
"Would you like another coffee?"
"Yes please, that would be lovely." Or, "Yes please, I'd love one."
"Would you like me to answer the phone?"
"If you wouldn't mind." Or, "If you could."
(Don't answer "Yes, I would", as this sounds like you expect someone to do it for you.)
"I'll do the photocopying, if you like."
"It's OK, I can do it." Or, "Don't worry, I'll do it.
"Or, "Thank you, that would be great."

Dialogue:

Secretary: Hello, Ultimate Computers. May I help you?
Caller: Yes, this is Jack Kordell from Hunter's Office Supplies. May I speak to Elaine Strong, please?
Secretary: I'm sorry, but she's not in right now.
Caller: Okay, do you know when she'll be back?
Secretary: Uh, yes, she should be here later on this afternoon maybe about 4:30. May I take a message?
Caller: Yes. Ms. Strong sent me a brochure detailing your newest line of laptop computers with a description of other software products, but there wasn't any information about after-sales service.
Secretary: Oh, I'm sorry. Would you like me to fax that to you?
Caller: Yes, but our fax is being repaired at the moment, and it won't be working until around 2:30. Hum . . . could you try sending that information around 3:30? That should give me time to look over the material before I call Ms. Strong, say, around 5:00.
Secretary: Sure. Could I have your name, telephone number, and fax number, please?
Caller: Yes. Jack Kordell and the phone number is 560-1287. And the fax number is 560-1288.
Secretary: Okay. Jack Kordell. Is your name spelled C-o-r-d-e-l?
Caller: No. It's Kordell with a "K" and two "l's." K-o-r-d-e-l-l."
Secretary: All right, Mr. Kordell. And your phone number is 560-1287, and the fax number is 560-1288. Is that correct?
Caller: Yes it is.
Secretary: All right. I'll be sure to send you the fax this afternoon.
Caller: Okay, bye.


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