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mardi 8 septembre 2020

UNIT II: EXPAND YOUR VOCABULARY

 love.43.gifVocabulary:

webmaster_fleches029d.gifJoke: (noun) a thing that someone says to cause amusement or laughter, especially a story with a funny punchline (the final phrase or sentence of a joke or story, providing the humor or some other crucial element.) : "she was in a mood to tell jokes".
Verb: to joke.
Adj: (informal) jokey/joky: amusing; making people laugh.
Adv: jokingly.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifSitcom: (noun) situation comedy: a regular programme on television that shows the same characters in different situations.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifImpression: (noun) an idea, feeling, or opinion about something or someone, especially one formed without conscious thought or on the basis of little evidence. : "His first impressions of Manchester were very positive."
Verb: to impress.
Adj: impressive.
Adv: impressively.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifHumorous: (adj) causing lighthearted laughter and amusement; comic. : "a humorous and entertaining talk".
Noun: humour.
Noun: humorist.
Adv: humorously.
Adj: humourless.
Adv: humourlessly.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifMake fun of someone: (verb) to laugh at sb/sth or make other people laugh at them, usually in an unkind way: "It’s cruel to make fun of people who stammer."
Adj: funny.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifTo kid: (verb) to joke (usually used in the →progressive tenses) to tell sb sth that is not true, especially as a joke.
Noun: kid.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifSilly: (adj) having or showing a lack of common sense or judgment; absurd and foolish. : "Another of his silly jokes." "“Don't be silly!” she said".
Noun: silliness  (y→i).
webmaster_fleches029d.gifWitty: (adj) showing or characterized by quick and inventive verbal humor. : "a witty remark" "Marlowe was charming and witty". Synonyms: humorous, amusing, funny.
Noun: wit.
Adv: wittily.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifJoy: (noun) a feeling of great pleasure and happiness.
Adj: joyful/joyless.
Adv: joyfully.
Noun: joyfulness.
Verb: to enjoy.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifAnger: (noun) a strong feeling of annoyance, displeasure, or hostility.
Verb: to anger: make someone angry.
Adj: angry.
Adv: angrily.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifGaiety: Gaiety: (noun) happiness and excitement. (old-fashioned word)
Adj: gay(old-fashioned word).
Adv: gaily.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifDespair: (noun) the complete loss or absence of hope.
Adj: despairing.
Adv: despairingly.
Verb: to despair.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifDelight: (noun) great pleasure.
Verb: to delight.
Adj: delighted: very pleased/ delightful: very pleasant, attractive or enjoyable.
Adv: delightedly.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifDepression: (noun) the state of feeling very unhappy and without hope for the future.
Verb: to depress.
Adj: depressed/depressing.
Adv: depressingly.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifLoneliness: Loneliness: (noun) the state of being lonely.
Adj: lonely: unhappy because you are not with other people. (=lonesome).
Adj: lone: alone: without other people.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifSadness: (noun) being unhappy or sorry.
Adj: sad
Adv: sadly.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifFrustration: (noun) the feeling of being upset or annoyed, especially because of inability to change or achieve something.
Verb: to frustrate.
Adj: frustrating/frustrated.
Adv: frustratingly.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifCheerfulness: (noun) the state of being cheerful (pleasure and happines.)
Verb: to cheer.
Noun: cheer: a feeling of happiness.
Adj: cheerful: happy and positive.
Adj: cheerless: (of a place, tc.) without warmth or colour so it make you feel epressed. (Synonym: gloomy): "A dark cheerless room."
Adv: cheerfully.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifMerriment: (noun) gaiety and fun or when people laugh and have an enjoyable time together.
Adj: merry.
Adv: merrily.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifWorry: (noun) a state of anxiety and uncertainty over actual or potential problems.
Verb: to worry.
Adj: worried/worrying.
Adv: worriedly/worryingly.
Noun: worrier: someone who worries a lot.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifVivacity: (noun) (especially in a woman) the quality of being attractively lively and animated.
Adj: vivacious: (especially of a woman) attractively lively and animated.
Adv: vivaciously.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifCalm: (adj) peaceful and quiet.
Verb: to calm.
Adv: calmly.
Noun: calmness.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifSatisfaction: Satisfaction: (noun) fulfillment of one's wishes, expectations, or needs, or the pleasure derived from this.
Verb: to satisfy.
Adj: satisfying: giving fulfillment or the pleasure associated with this.
Adv: satisfyingly.
Adj: satisfactory: good or good enough for a particular need or purpose.
Adv: satisfactorily.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifEnthusiasm: Enthusiasm: (noun) intense and eager enjoyment, interest, or approval.
Verb: enthuse: express excitement about something or great interest in it.
Noun: enthusiast: a person who is highly interested in a particular activity or subject.
Adj: enthusiastic.
Adv: enthusiastically.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifFear: (noun) an unpleasant emotion caused by the belief that someone or something is dangerous, likely to cause pain, or a threat.
Verb: to fear.
Adj: fearful/fearless/fearsome.
Adv: fearfully/fearlessly.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifOptimism: Optimism: (noun) hopefulness and confidence about the future or the successful outcome of something.
Noun: optimist: someone who always believes that good things will happen.
Verb: to optimize.
Adj: optimistic ≠ pessimistic.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifJubilation: Jubilation: (noun) a feeling of great happiness and triumph.
Verb: to jubilate:
Adj: jubilant.
Adv: jubilantly.

love.43.gifIdiomatic Expressions:

webmaster_fleches029d.giflift somebody’s spirits: to make somebody happier.
webmaster_fleches029d.giffeel down: feel depressed, gloomy, unhappy.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifsomebody’s heart sinks: to feel disappointed or to lose hope.
webmaster_fleches029d.giflook up: to become better. "Our financial situation is looking up at last."
webmaster_fleches029d.gifbe in the depth(s) of sth: experiencing an extreme and negative emotion such as "despair": "He was in the depths of despair/depression about losing his job.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifwalking on air: to feel extremely excited or happy.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifwalk on eggs/eggshells: 1-be very careful not to offend someone or do anything wrong 2-to walk very cautiously.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifto be/get/run low (on something): to have nearly finished a supply of something: "We’re running low on milk- could you buy some more?" (=French: ne plus avoir beaucoup de qch).
webmaster_fleches029d.gifto be low: weak or depressed; with very little energy: "I’m feeling really low." "They were in low spirits."

webmaster_fleches029d.gifspirits rose ("rose" verb "rise" in the simple past): felt happier: "Her spirits lifted/rose(=She felt happier) as she read the letter."  

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