jeudi 31 octobre 2019






webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifRule: “to be” in the given tense+the past participle of the given verb

webmaster_fleches029d.gifMohammed eats an apple every day.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifAn apple is eaten by Mohammed every day.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifShe reads a lot of books every month.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifA lot of books are read every month.

webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gifCertain verbs need two objects, so we can construct two passive sentences:
webmaster_fleches029d.gifThey give me a report once a week.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifI am given a report once a week.
webmaster_fleches029d.gifA report is given to me once a week.
: جدول توضيحي لأهم الأفعال محولة إلى المبني للمجهول

Tense/verb form
Active voice
Passive voice
Simple present

Present continuous

Simple past

Past continuous

Present perfect

Past perfect

Present infinitive

Modal auxiliaries


Is/are keeping


Was/were keeping

Has/have kept

Had kept

To keep

Modal auxiliary+infinitive

Will keep
Would keep
Should keep etc..
am/is/are kept

Is/are being kept

Was/were kept

Was/were being kept

Has/have been kept

Had been kept

To be kept

Modal auxiliary+be+past participle

Will be kept
Would be kept
Should be kept etc…

webmaster-mini-puces-00022.gif Examples:

We keep the butter here.
The butter is kept here.

They broke the window.
The window was broken.

They broke the windows.
The windows were broken.

People have seen a wolf in the streets.
A wolf has been seen in the streets.

They are repairing the bridge.
The bridge is being repaired.

They had already done their homework.
Their homework had already been done.

They were carrying the injured player off the field.
The injured player was being carried off the field.

You must shut these doors.
These doors must be shut.

He wants someone to take photographs.
He wants photographs to be taken.

jeudi 24 octobre 2019



Expressions of interest: 

How interesting!

Wow! That's interesting/amazing!

That sounds exciting!


What a great/wonderful idea!

I'm really interested in that!

That is really wonderful

It's a good idea!

Expressing indifference:

So what?

 Who cares!

I don’t care!

Why should I care?

It’s all the same to me.

It doesn't matter to me

It makes no difference to me.

I have no preference.

jeudi 10 octobre 2019


Listening Script: Audio at the bottom of the page.

Listen to the news

This is Local Radio Omega. It is one o'clock and here is the news.

Bad weather has again caused chaos in the Northern areas. Heavy rain which has been falling since yesterday afternoon has caused great difficulty for motorists and pedestrians. In the town centre, a bus and several cars crashed and caused traffic delays. This is advice to motorists not to drive to the centre today. If you must go to the town centre, take the bus or the train. Public transport is working normally. As a result of cold weather and heavy rain, some schools in country areas have closed as roads are blocked and teachers and students haven't been able to get to school. In the town, however, schools open as usual. The forecast, I'm afraid, is that it is going to rain all day and for at least two more days.



 chaos:  /ˈkeɪ.ɒs/  a state of total confusion with no order.


 Snow and ice have caused chaos on the roads.

 There was chaos in the theatre when the bomb went off.

 pedestrian:  /pəˈdes.tri.ən/  a person who is walking, especially in an area where vehicles go.

 A few pedestrians sheltered from the rain in doorways.

 The death rate for pedestrians hit by cars is unacceptably high.

 crash/kræʃIf a vehicle crashes or someone crashes it, it is involved in an accident, usually a serious one in which the vehicle is damaged and someone is hurt.


 The plane crashed into a mountainside.

 Her brother borrowed her motorbike and crashed it.

 forecast/ˈfɔː.kɑːst/  the expected weather conditions.

 The weather forecast said it was going to rain later today.

 The forecast said it was going to be hot and sunny tomorrow.