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vendredi 19 avril 2019

UNIT V: GRAMMAR ANALYSIS



  


Grammar Analysis: Past Continuous:


  Form: to be (in the past simple: was/were)+v+ing

 Spelling rules:

 Silent "e", drop the "e"+ing:

Become
Take
Have
Practice
Becoming
Taking
Having
Practicing
Exceptions:

Singe
Dye
Age
Shoe
Singeing
Dyeing
Ageing
Shoeing

 Short verbs: 1 vowel+1 consonant: 2 vowels


Swim
Dig
Sit
Swimming
Digging
Sitting
Exceptions: verbs ending in: “x” and “w

Fix
Box
Snow
Fixing
Boxing
Snowing
   

 Short verbs: 1 vowel+2 consonants: no change

Help
Talk
Work
Helping
Talking
Working


 Short verbs: 2 vowel+1 consonant: no change

Look
Eat
Heat
Looking
Eating
Heating
Exceptions:

Dial
Fuel
Dialling
Fuelling


 Long verbs: When the last consonant is stressed, the last letter is doubled

Upset /ʌpˈset/
Admit /ədˈmɪt/
Deter /dɪˈtɜːr/
Forget /fəˈɡet/
Upsetting
Admitting
Deterring
forgetting

 Long verbs: When the first consonant is stressed, the last letter is not doubled: no change

enter /ˈen.tər/
budget /ˈbʌdʒ.ɪt/
Whisper /ˈwɪs.pər/
Visit /ˈvɪz.ɪt/
Benefit /ˈben.ɪ.fɪt/
Entering
Budgeting
Whispering
Visiting
Benefiting
Exceptions:

Travel /ˈtræv.əl/
Label /ˈleɪ.bəl/
Travelling
Labelling


 Verbs ending in "c"+k+ing:

Picnic
Traffic
Mimic
Picnicking
Trafficking
Mimicking

 Verbs ending in "ie", change "ie" into "y"+ing:

Die
Lie
Dying
Lying


 Use:



Indicate a precise time in the past:


 Last night at 9 p.m. she was chatting with her friend.


 At midnight, we were still driving through the desert.



 Yesterday at this time, I was sitting at my desk at work




A long action (past continuous), interrupted by a short action (past simple): when=while 

 I was watching TV when the light went off.


 When the light went off, I was watching TV.

 

 While/When 
I was watching TV, the light went off. 


 The light went off while/when I was watching TV .





Simultaneity/Simultaneousness: Two long actions in the past: while=as


 She was reading while her brother was drawing.


 My friends were playing football while I was waiting in the locker room.


 While/As they were having dinner, their neighbours were flying to Paris.

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