Pages

vendredi 7 décembre 2018

UNIT III: VOCABULARY







Vocabulary:



He's got toothache.















She's got a fever.














She's got a flu.
She suffer from flu.






























He's got backache.



















He's got a headache.













He's got stomach-ache.







Blurry eyesight.














She's got a sore throat.



A cardiologist















A dentist

















A dermatologist















A gastroenterologist














An ophtalmologist














A psychoanalyst















Meningitisالتهاب السحايا
















Nephritis

















A skin rash














Tonsilitis

















Arthritis






Noun suffixes:

suffix
examples of nouns
-age
village, dosage , orphanage, footage, postage
-al
arrival, (bury) burial, ( defer=يؤجل) deferral
-ance/-ence
reliance, resistance, governance, dependence (US : dependance), insistence, defence
-dom
boredom, freedom,(wise), wisdom , kingdom
-ee
employee, interviewee, payee, trainee
-er/-or
teacher, driver, writer, actor, director
-ess
actress, tigress, stewadess,waitress
-hood
brotherhood, childhood, brotherhood,   neighbourhood
-ism
capitalism, Marxism, socialism, tourism
-ist
capitalist, Marxist, socialist, scientist
-ity/-ty/-y
brutality, equality, cruelty, safety
anxiety, poverty, recovery, difficulty
-ment
amazement, disappointment, deferment, govenment
-ness
happiness, kindness, usefulness, fitness, awareness
-ry
entry, ministry, robbery
-ship
friendship, membership, leadership, championship
-sion/-tion/-xion/-ation
expression, pollution, contexualization, complexion
-cy
accuracy, literacy, dependency, residency





Adjective suffixes:

Suffix
Examples of adjectives
-able/-ible
drinkable, portable, flexible, possible, terrible
-al
Natural, brutal, formal, postal
-ial
financial, residential, (picture; pictorial), industrial, memorial
-en
broken, golden, wooden
-ful
forgetful, helpful unhelpful, useful
-less
homeless, hopeless, useless, helpless= someone who cannot help himself
-ive
active, descriptive, destructive, communicative, productive
-ly
daily, weekly, monthly, yearly
-y
wealthy, healthy, cloudy, rainy, windy, frosty, snowy, sunny, foggy, misty
-ous
cautious, famous, anxious, nervous, hazardous
-ic
classic, Islamic, touristic, poetic
-an
Moroccan, American, Angolan
-ish
childish, selfish, foolish
-ary
necessary, secondary, imaginary, revolutionary
-ory
explanatory, contradictory, satisfactory, compulsory

Adjectives of nationality
-ish
British, Turkish , Spanish, Danish, Finnish, Scottish, Swedish, English
-ian
Canadian, Italian, Malaysian, Peruvian
-ese
Chinese, Congolese, Lebanese, Beninese, Japanese, Vietnamese
-i
Iraqi, Pakistani, Kuwaiti, Omani, Qatari, Azerbaijani, Bangladeshi, Somali, Yemeni


Adjectives of nationality (Exceptions)
France
French
Wales
Welsh
Madagascar
Malagasy
Monaco
Monégasque
Afghanistan
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan
Uzbekistan
Afghan
Kazakh
Kyrgyz
Tajik
Uzbek
Burkina Faso
Burkinabe
Burundi
Burundi
Cyprus
Cypriot
Germany
German
Greece
Greek
Greenland
Iceland
Greenlandic
Icelandic
Holland/the Netherlands
Dutch
Lesotho
Sotho
Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
New Zealand
New Zealand
Niger
Nigerien
The Pacific
Pacific
The Philippines
Philippine
Quebec
Quebecois
Saudi Arabia
Saudi
Slovakia
Slovak
Swaziland
Swazi
Switzerland
Swiss
Thailand
Thai
Yugoslavia
yugoslav





Verb suffixes:

Suffix
Examples of verbs
-ate
complicate, dominate, irritate
-en
harden, soften, shorten, (strong; strengthen), (long; lengthen)
-ify
rectify, beautify, clarify, identify
-ise/-ize
economise, realise, industrialize (-ise is most common in British English; -ize is most common in American English)




Adverbs suffixes:

Suffix
Examples of adverbs
-ly
calmly, easily, quickly
N.B
Adjeectives ending in –e, omit (e)+ ly:
possible; possibly
gentle; gently
Exceptions:
sole; solely /ˈsəʊlli/
Irregular adverbs
hard; hard
fast; fast
high; high
good; well
-ward(s)
backwards, forwards, downwards, homeward(s), upwards
-wise
anti-clockwise, clockwise, edgewise